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Как подготовиться к Reading

Давайте поговорим о том, как готовиться к  Reading.  Многим студентам Reading  кажется самой простой частью экзамена, так как требует в основном пассивного знания языка, текст можно читать неограниченное количество раз, никто не контролирует порядок выполнения заданий и время, затраченное на отдельный вопрос.  Некоторые же находят Reading крайне сложным из-за неограниченного количества возможных тем, а также из-за необходимости проникать в детали иногда сложного научного текста, улавливать штрихи, которые могут полностью изменить смысл вопроса и выбор единственного правильного ответа.
Предлагаем Вам попробовать свои силы в одном из заданий для Reading: короткие ответы на вопросы (Short answer questions).

Наши советы, как лучше справиться с этим типом заданий:

-  сначала, подчеркните ключевые идеи в каждом вопросе;

- быстро прочитайте текст, обратив внимание, где находятся ключевые выражения, потом внимательно перечитайте текст;

- точно скопируйте нужные слова или цифры в ответе, не допускайте обидных ошибок в правописании слов.

Freya-Stark[1].jpg


Freya Stark, explorer and writer

Freya Stark travelled to many areas of the Middle East, often alone. Freya Starke was an explorer who lived during  a time when explorers were regarded as heroes. She travelled to distant areas of the Middle East, where few Europeans – especially women – had travelled before. She also travelled extensively in Turkey, Greece, Italy, Nepal and Afghanistan.

Stark was born in Paris in 1893.Although she had no formal education as a child, she moved about with her artist parents and learned French, German and Italian. She entered London University in 1912, but at the start of World War 1, she joined the nurse corps and was sent to Italy. After the war, she returned to London and attended the School of oriental Studies. Her studies there led to extensive travel in the Middle East, enabling her to eventually become fluent in Persian, Russian and Turkish.

Sark became well known as a traveller and explorer in the Middle East. She travelled to the Lebanon in 1927 at the age of 33 when she had saved enough money, and while there, she studied Arabic. In 1928, she travelled by donkey to the Jebel Druze, a mountainous area in Syria. During another trip, she went to a distant region of the Elbruz, a mountain range in Iran, where she made a map. She was searching for information about an ancient Muslim sect, known as the Assassins, which she wrote about in Valley of the Assassins (1934), a classic for which she was awarded a Gold Medal by the Royal Geographic Society.  For the next 12 years, she continued her career as a traveller and writer, establishing a style which combined an account of her journeys with personal commentary on the people, places, customs, history and politics of the Middle East.


Task: answer the questions, choose no more than two words and/or a number from the passage for each answer.


  1. What word did people use to describe explorers when Stark was alive?

  2. What historical event interrupted Stark’s university education?

  3. What did Stark produce while travelling in Iran, in addition to the book?

  4. What group of people did Stark research in Iran?
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